ТСЖ или УК: плюсы и минусы или что выгодно собственнику

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Азбука недвижимости

 

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ТСЖ или УК: плюсы и минусы или что выгодно собственнику

Покупая квартиру, люди не задумываются о том, кто будет заниматься поддержанием порядка в доме, где расположена собственность. Вопрос кажется малозначительным в процессе покупки. Однако это не так. Сегодня мы с Вами рассмотрим вопрос, что предпочтительнее именно для Вас: ТСЖ или УК.

Чем занимаются ТСЖ и УК

Товарищество собственников жилья (ТСЖ) и управляющая компания (УК) призваны заниматься одним и тем же делом. Главная задача этих образованийсодержание в порядке многоквартирных домов и дворовых территорий в их зоне ответственности. Они должны обеспечивать своевременную оплату за коммунальные услуги, энергоресурсы, выполнять текущий ремонт в доме и собирать деньги на ремонт капитальный.

По сведениям Минстроя в России 20% жилья управляются товариществами собственников, а 80% - относятся к ведению управляющих компаний. В итоге мы видим, что обе структуры выполняют одну функцию.

Функция одна, цели разные

Товарищество собственников жильяэто общественное объединение владельцев квартир жилого многоквартирного дома. Решение о его создании принимается на общем собрании жильцов, если за это проголосуют большинство участников собрания.

Главная цель объединениясодержание дома и дворовых территорий в наилучшем состоянии, совместное управление общей собственностью и защита общих интересов. ТСЖэто некоммерческая организация, но может быть зарегистрирована как юридическое лицо.

Управляющая компания, при декларировании тех же функций и целей, организация сугубо коммерческая. Главная цель её существованияполучение прибыли учредителями. Это специально оговаривается в уставе любого подобного предприятия.

Прибыль может получать и ТСЖ, например, от сдачи технических помещений в аренду. Эта прибыль направляется на нужды товарищества. Стремление к получению прибыли в УК иногда становится чрезмерным. По некоторым данным, из всех неплатежей в жилищном секторе, треть приходится именно на управляющие компании.

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Что выгоднее собственникуплюсы и минусы

Плюсы ТСЖвозможность непосредственно влиять на условия проживания в доме. Это касается и ремонта, и найма технического персонала. Действует и льготное налогообложение, как некоммерческой организации. Общая экономия средств на благоустройство, полный контроль расходования средств.

Минусы ТСЖгромоздкость принятия решений по управлению. Отсутствие рычагов влияния на жильцов, которые не являются членами товарищества.

Плюсы УКпрофессионализм и опыт работы в сфере ЖКХ и управления. Свобода от забот об управлении домовым хозяйством для мало инициативных граждан.

Минусы УКвозможное стремление учредителей УК к максимальной прибыли за счёт жильцов. Невозможность контроля управленческих решений компании.

Обе формы управления сложным хозяйством современного дома имеют и плюсы и минусы. В каждом конкретном случае лучше исходить из реальной ситуации. Однако при должной и активной работе ТСЖ этот вариант управления домовым хозяйством для жильцов будет выгоднее.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

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