Подача декларации при продаже квартиры: куда и когда идти платить налоги?

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Азбука недвижимости

Deklaratsiya-pri-prodazhe-kvartiryi-1

Подача декларации при продаже квартиры: куда и когда идти платить налоги?

Сегодня мы поговорим о таком важном вопросе, как декларация при продаже квартиры.

Продажа квартиры является правовым актом, при котором возникает налоговое обязательство перед государством. Касается это лишь той недвижимости, которая находится в собственности менее трех лет и не предназначена для предпринимательской деятельности. Такой временной отрезок определен для борьбы со спекулятивными сделками на рынке недвижимости, которые предполагают быстрые и многочисленные операции с объектами.

По мнению налоговых органов, если недвижимость слишком быстро меняет владельца, то целью сделок является получение прибыли, что, соответственно, должно облагаться НДФЛ. Документом для уплаты налога является декларация при продаже квартиры. По закону от необходимости делать отчет освобождаются граждане, продавшие жилье, которым они владели более 36-ти месяцев.

Как определять сроки владения квартиры?

Правоустанавливающий документ действует с момента государственной регистрации. Именно дата на штампе из Госреестра и будет датой отчета для определения срока.

Некоторые случаи являются исключениями, например, это:
1. Договор наследования (датой начало трехлетнего периода будет смерть владельца).
2. Квартира в ЖСК (отсчет ведется с полной выплаты пая).
3. Изменение доли в объекте недвижимости (здесь для каждой из долей будет возникать собственные системы отсчета).

Куда и когда подавать декларацию?

Чтобы осуществить оплату налога, размер которого составляет 13% от стоимости квартиры, следует обратиться в районную налоговую инспекцию по месту регистрации. Налоговая декларация при продаже квартиры подается в срок до 30-го апреля следующего за прошедшей сделкой года. Бланк для заполнения можно взять непосредственно в налоговой или скачать с сайта фискальной службы.

Заполнение декларации

Форма отчета является одной из разновидностей налога на доходы физлиц. В начале документа укажите фамилию и инициалы. Следующие пункты должны содержать информацию о сумме, с которой будет удерживаться подоходный налог. Эта цифра должна совпадать с той, которая указана в договоре купли-продажи.

При сдаче декларации следует приложить копии документов, подтверждающих стоимость, за которую вы продали квартиру.При безналичном расчете это будет платежный банковский документ, при наличном расчете - расписка от покупателя.

Deklaratsiya-pri-prodazhe-kvartiryi-2

Налоговый вычет

Согласно российскому законодательству при каждой из операций с недвижимостью резидент страны может воспользоваться налогом вычетом. Формула его такова: сумма налога равняется цене квартиры минус 1000000 рублей, умноженной на 13%.

Для дешевого жилья, чья договорная стоимость менее миллиона, сумма исчисляется простым вычислением 13% от продажной стоимости квартиры.
При долевой собственности каждая из сторон уплачивает НДФЛ согласно пропорции доли.

Оплатить налог следует не позднее 15 июля текущего после продажи декларации года.

Ответственность за уклонение от налогов

Если вы просто нарушили сроки подачи, и декларация при продаже квартиры не вовремя была подана, то налоговики обычно ограничиваются штрафам в 1000 рублей. При отказе от подачи отчета фискальные органы смогут взыскать до 5% от не поступившего в казну НДФЛ.

Статья 198 Уголовного кодекса применима для тех, кто по мнению суда злостно уклоняется от подачи декларации или вносит в нее ложные сведения. Здесь, в зависимости от масштаба, можно заработать штраф в размере до 100000 рублей или три года лишения свободы.

Подача декларациисерьезная гражданская обязанность и пренебрегать ей нельзя ни в коем случае. Не платить налоги - значит совершать противоправные действия, последствия от которых могут серьезно усложнить вам жизнь. Поэтому не забудьте отложить требуемую сумму для оплаты НДФЛ сразу после продажи жилья и определите для себя дату визита в налоговую службу.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

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