Отказ в регистрации прав на недвижимость

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Регистрация прав на недвижимость

Отказ в регистрации прав на недвижимость

На сегодняшний день государственная регистрация прав на недвижимость  является одной из самых востребованных и популярных услуг на российском рынке. Да и может ли быть по-другому – ведь большинство операций с недвижимостью в обязательном порядке  требуют проведения данной процедуры.

Однако, как показывает практика, госрегистрация может быть приостановлена или в ней могут просто-напросто отказать. Так о чем же нужно знать, чтобы (не дай Бог) подобное не произошло с Вами?

В случае, когда Вы продаете или покупаете жилье, собираетесь заключить  договор аренды на длительный срок, подписываете договор ипотеки или производите иные операции с  недвижимостью, Вы будете обязаны пройти процедуру госрегистрации прав на объект недвижимого имущества и сделок с ним.

Необходимо знать, что отнюдь не всегда документы, которые Вы подали на государственную регистрацию, будут зарегистрированы.

В отдельных случаях закон разрешает регистратору приостановить данную процедуру, либо отказать в ней вовсе. Вы же имеете право обжаловать это  постановление в судебном порядке.

Однако, прежде всего, требуется разобраться, в каких конкретно случаях может быть приостановление или отказ в госрегистрации. В особенности это важно при проведении альтернативных сделок.

Что может служить основанием для приостановления госрегистрации

Возможно приостановление государственной регистрации на основании полученного решения суда, либо по требованию стороны сделки и правообладателя.

В случае, когда процедура  регистрации приостановлена на основании решения или определения суда, то время такой задержки может быть  неопределенным.

Объясняется  это тем фактом, что длительность приостановки будет зависеть не от поведения правообладателя или государственного регистратора, а от окончательного решения суда по делу, связанному с данным объектом недвижимого имущества.

В эту же категорию факторов можно отнести и случай, который специально был предусмотрен в Законе об ипотеке.

Существование судебного спора по  правам на объект недвижимости, который является предметом ипотеки, служит основанием для приостановки госрегистрации ипотеки до разрешения судом данного спора.

Регистрация прав на недвижимость  приостанавливается так же и в случае, когда  у государственного регистратора возникают сомнения в основаниях для регистрации прав, либо в подлинности представленных документов.

В последнем случае регистратор обязан принять меры по получению новой информации и доказательству подлинности документов,  либо достоверности приведенных в них сведений.

У регистратора могут, в частности,  возникнуть сомнения, касающиеся  должных полномочий лица, которое обратилось за регистрацией; существования прав на недвижимость у распоряжающегося им лица и т. д.

Государственный регистратор должен в письменной форме известить заявителя о своем решении и о его основаниях. Последний же имеет право передать дополнительные материалы, подтверждающие  наличие у него оснований для регистрации прав на недвижимость, а также достоверности документов и подлинности указанной в них информации.

Очевидным основанием для приостановления госрегистрации является отсутствие в представленных документах отказа сособственников общей  долевой собственности от преимущественного права покупки продаваемой доли в пользу постороннего человека.

А так же в случае, когда заявление о регистрации пишется менее чем через один месяц с момента, оповещения продавцом доли других участников долевой собственности о своем намерении.

Приостановление регистрации может быть  не более чем на  месяц. Однако нужно помнить, что по закону регистрация прав на недвижимость  проводится не позднее чем в месячный срок с момента подачи необходимых документов и заявления.

Следовательно, государственный регистратор имеет право принять решение о приостановлении по истечении этого месяца.

В день утверждения решения о приостановлении госрегистрации чиновник обязан в письменной форме оповестить участников договора об основаниях такого решения. Понятно, что в данном случае заявители, как минимум, потеряют время.

В случае, когда причины, вызвавшие приостановку, не будут устранены  в течение 1 месяца, то в регистрации может быть отказано.

По заявлению сторон сделки, либо правообладателя, госрегистрация может быть приостановлена. Приостановка производится на срок, указанный в заявлении, однако не более чем на три календарных месяца.

В заявлении требуется  указать основания для приостановления регистрации и  срок такого приостановления. Причем документального указания причин не требуется.

Именно этот момент сегодня стараются устранить из закона банки, работающие с ипотекой. Именно он не позволяет им передавать деньги заемщику не после регистрации, а в день сделки.

Необходимо понимать, что если вы подали заявление о приостановлении госрегистрации на два месяца, то по завершении этого срока месячный срок регистрации опять начинает отсчитываться с нуля.

Регистрация прав на недвижимость 1

Отказ в регистрации прав на недвижимость

В госрегистрации отказывают в нижеперечисленных случаях:

  • в случае, когда право на объект недвижимости (жилое помещение) не является правом, подлежащим обязательной государственной регистрации. Список всех прав, подлежащих государственной регистрации, определен статьей 4 Закона о регистрации. Относительно к сделкам с жилой недвижимостью регистрации подлежат право хозяйственного ведения, право собственности и право оперативного управления;
  • в случае, когда  заявление о государственной регистрации подается ненадлежащим лицом. Например, не обладают правом самостоятельного проведения сделки  купли-продажи недвижимости и подачи заявления о регистрации малолетние лица. Ненадлежащим лицом, так же, будет являться гражданин, подающий заявление о регистрации от имени другого человека, но не имеющего от него доверенности;
  • в случае, когда документы, поданные на государственную регистрацию прав, по своему содержанию или форме не отвечают требованиям действующего законодательства. Для примера, если данные договор подлежит обязательному нотариальному удостоверению, однако не удостоверен. Либо, в представленных документах указаны далеко не все требуемые данные для государственной регистрации;
  • в случае, когда  акт органа местного самоуправления  признается недействительным с момента его издания. Таковые могут быть признаны недействительными судом;
  • в случае, когда  лицо, выдавшее данный правоустанавливающий документ,  на самом деле не обладает полномочиями распоряжаться правом на этот объект  недвижимого имущества;
  • в случае, когда  лицо владеет правом, ограниченным конкретными условиями, но подписало документ без указания данных условий. Таким лицом, например, может быть супруг, не заручившийся нотариальным согласием другого супруга на совершение сделки купли-продажи с жилым помещением;
  •  в случае, когда в правоустанавливающем  документе на объект недвижимого имущества (жилого помещения) отсутствуют сведения о правах заявителя на данный объект недвижимости.

Заявитель же, со своей стороны, имеет право обжаловать в суде решение об отказе в регистрации прав на недвижимость  и сделок с ней.

Если же Вам отказали в госрегистрации, то пошлина, которую Вы уплатили за регистрацию, возврату, к сожалению, не подлежит. Однако,  до принятия решения об отказе стороны имеют право прекратить регистрацию на основании собственного заявлений. В таком случае половина госпошлины возвращается.

Видео на тему:

Регистрация недвижимости: реестру приказано верить

 

 

 

 

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