Общее имущество дома: что им является, его обслуживание и права собственника в отношении этого имущества

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Азбука недвижимости

 

 

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Общее имущество дома: что им является, его обслуживание и права собственника в отношении этого имущества

В документах и устных заявлениях ЖКХ часто можно встретить понятие «общедомовое имущество». У многих граждан в связи с этим возникает вопрос, что такое общее имущество дома, и что в него входит.

Что является общедомовым имуществом

Согласно Постановлению РФ №491 от 2006 года под общим имуществом многоквартирного дома подразумевается:

участок земли, на которой располагается дом;

• несущие стены, колонны дома, ограждающие конструкции;

• крыша дома;

• места общего пользования, такие как лестничные площадки и пролеты, лифтовые площадки и лифты, коридоры, чердаки, тех. помещения, подвалы;

• инженерные системы водо-, тепло-, электро-, газоснабжения;

• информационно-телекоммуникационные сети: радио, телефон, кабельное телевидение, интернет и пр.;

• оборудование для обслуживания дома, которое может находится внутри дома или снаружи: санитарное, электрическое, механическое;

• другие объекты, которые обеспечивают нужды дома.

Общая особенность, отличающая общедомовое имущество, – оно обслуживает более одной квартиры многоквартирного дома. Весь перечень общедомового имущества можно найти в учетно-технической документации.

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Кто проводит обслуживание общедомового имущества, и какие услуги в него входят

За сохранность и надлежащее качество обслуживания общего имущества дома отвечают либо сами собственники, либо ТСЖ или Управляющая Компания – это зависит от выбранного жильцами способа управления домом. Перечень работ, подлежащих выполнению, формируется в ходе обсуждений на собрании жильцов, также как и своевременность периодически возникающей необходимости проведения капитального ремонта.

Оплата за содержание общедомового имущества производится ежемесячно всеми собственниками жилья в многоквартирном доме. При начислении стоит учесть, что плата должна равномерно распределяться в зависимости от количества площади, находящейся в собственности, а размер оплаты полностью отвечать величине и качеству проведенных работ.

Так как за обслуживание общего имущества платят собственники жилья, то незаконно проводить капитальные ремонтные работы или другие действия, не входящие в установленный перечень обслуживающих операций, без их согласия.

Стоит заметить также, что ТСЖ (или УК) не имеет права проводить и несвоевременный ремонт оборудования, если предельные нормативы по безопасности и надежности не были нарушены. То есть, если такие пункты появились в квитанции без согласия собственников, эти затраты могут быть обжалованы в суде.

В обязанности того, кто обслуживает общее имущество дома, главным образом входит:

• своевременная уборка и поддержание чистоты всех мест общего пользования;

• сбор и вывоз отходов;

• благоустройство и озеленение придомовой территории, которая входит в общедомовое имущество;

• оснащение дома пожарной сигнализацией, оборудованием противопожарной безопасности;

• проведение текущего и капитального ремонта;

• проведение мер по повышению энергоэффективности и энергосбережению;

• внеплановый ремонт инженерных коммуникаций при нарушении их качества работы;

• монтаж и обслуживание общедомовых приборов учета;

• проведение проверки и ремонта системы отопления перед сезонной эксплуатацией.

• плановый осмотр всего общедомового имущества для определения проблем, своевременное их устранение.

Ответственный за общедомовое имущество отвечает за сохранность, целостность и безопасное использование как самого имущества, так и его технической документации.

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Права собственников жилья

Обязанность ежемесячной оплаты содержания общедомового имущества дает владельцу квартиры определенные права, в частности, собственник может потребовать предоставить сведения об осуществленной работе, проводить контроль любым законным способом.

Кроме того, владелец может обратить внимание обслуживающей организации на выявленные им проблемы и дефекты, потребовать их устранения и проконтролировать качество выполнения работ.

Ответственный за общее имущество дома отчитывается о качестве своей работы как перед владельцами жилья, так и перед региональными и федеральными властями.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

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