Общая площадь в квартире: что о ней следует знать?

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Городская недвижимость

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Общая площадь в квартире: что о ней следует знать?

Понятие «общая площадь квартиры» часто является камнем преткновения для расчета оплаты за отопление или установления рыночной стоимости помещения. Некоторые спорные нюансы, например, лестницы в квартирах в два этажа или террасы, часто являются теми моментами, которые требует уточнения в соответствующих законодательных актах.

Согласно пятому пункту 15 статьи ЖК РФ общая площадь в квартире складывается из всех составляющих помещений, в том числе и квадратных метров, предназначенных для бытовых нужд, балкона и лоджии.

Жилая и общая площадь: в чем отличие?

Предметом гордости многих владельцев квартир является большая жилая площадь помещения. Расшифровка понятия обозначает, что жилье характеризуется просторными большими комнатами: спальней, залом или детской.

Сумма квадратов всех помещений, предназначенных непосредственно для проживания, называется жилой площадью. Если вы сделали перепланировку и объединили кухню с залом, то техник БТИ изменит назначение новой столовой, и метраж жилой площади помещения существенно уменьшится.

Общая площадь состоит из квадратов жилой недвижимости и площади лоджий, встроенных ниш и шкафов, террас и веранд. Согласно Инструкции учета жилфонда в РФ вспомогательные помещения обладают специальными понижающими коэффициентами, которые несколько уменьшают общую квадратуру:

- коэффициент для лоджии составляет 0,5;

- для балкона – 0,3;

- неотапливаемые кладовые и веранды – 1,0.

Площадь квартиры можно точно узнать, заглянут в технический паспорт помещения или измерить ее самостоятельно. Для этого с помощью рулетки на уровне плинтуса нужно измерить все комнаты и бытовые помещения в квартире.

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Для чего измеряется общая площадь квартиры

1. Для госстатистики именно общая площадь квартиры служит объектом исследования и аналитики.

2. Площадь квартиры без учета понижающих коэффициентов в России применяется для стандартизации социальных норм. Такие нормативы законодательно ограничивают проживание слишком большого количества человек в муниципальной квартире. Недостаточное обеспечение квадратными метрами общей площади служит основанием для постановки на жилищный учет.

3. Начисления коммунальных платежей обосновывается на количестве прописанных жильцов и квадратуре общей площади помещения. Основаниями для оплаты квартплаты служит техпаспорт БТИ. Если вы считаете, что габариты жилплощади завышены, то можно оформить новый документ в Бюро технической инвентаризации.

Манипуляции застройщиков на подмене понятий

Часто общая площадь квартиры при реализации первичной жилой недвижимости не учитывает понижающий коэффициент вспомогательных помещений, что может служить нечестным рекламным ходом для девелопера.

Кажущаяся более низкая по сравнению с конкурентами стоимость квадратного метра в новостройке на самом деле основывается на том, что происходит подмена понятий стоимости квадратного метра жилой и полезной площади, или это спекуляция на разных коэффициентах между балконом и лоджией. Поэтому при покупке квартиры в новом доме тщательно анализируете техническую документацию жилья.

Иногда возникают разночтения между ведомственными СНиПами и нормативами и ЖК, но юридически главным документом всегда является Жилищный Комплекс, который и следует учитывать в формировании цифр жилой и полезной площади.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

Просьба Автора

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