Обмен жилых квартир. Ч.2

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Городская недвижимость


Обмен жилых квартир. Ч.2

Здравствуйте!

Сегодня мы продолжим с Вами разговор о том, как проходит обмен квартир на современном рынке недвижимости России.

Если кто-то не читал первую часть статьи, то Вам сюда.

Обмен

А вот при случае социального жилья сложностей возникает больше, если квартира была только  Вашей собственностью и только Вы решали, менять или нет, то придется учитывать мнение наймодателя и всех остальных  проживающих с Вами людей.

Только с письменного согласия наймодателя и проживающих с ним совместно членов его семьи (в том числе и временно отсутствующих) Вы можете провести обмен жилого помещения на жилое, предоставленное по договору иному нанимателю.

При этом, в случае, если Вы ничего на собираетесь менять, то Ваши родственники, проживающие в вашей квартире, имеют право требовать от Вас обмена. А в случае, если между нанимателем и членами его семьи не достигнуто соглашения, то любой из них вправе требовать принудительного обмена жилого помещения в судебном порядке.

При этом будут учитываться все доводы и законные интересы граждан, проживающих в данном помещении.

Особым случаем является обмен квартир, в которых живут несовершеннолетние, недееспособные или ограниченно дееспособные люди, которые являются членами семей нанимателя данных квартир.

В этих случаях обмен возможен только с предварительного согласия органов опеки и попечительства. А они, вправе отказать в даче такого согласия, если будет усмотрен факт нарушения прав или интересов указанных лиц.

Решение данных органов о даче согласия на обмен или об отказе в даче такого согласия предоставляются в письменной форме в течение 14-ти рабочих дней со дня подачи ими заявлений.

ЖК России позволяет производить обмен между гражданами, проживающими в разных населенных пунктах России. А это значит – если Вы захотите переехать в другой город, то вполне реально заключить подобный договор.

Могут и не разрешить

Однако такой договор не допускается, если к нанимателю обмениваемого жилого помещения выдвинут иск о расторжении или  об изменении договора социального найма. Ну и, конечно, если право пользования данным жилым помещением оспаривается по суду.

Никто не позволит произвести обмен, если данное помещение признано непригодным для проживания или вынесено решение о его сносе, или переоборудовании его для использования по другому назначению.

Ну и, конечно, не удастся поменяться, если в коммунальную квартиру должен вселиться человек, страдающий одной из тяжелых форм заболеваний.

Оформление обмена – договор

Обмен квартирами между нанимателями согласно договорам социального найма производится по согласию наймодателей путем  заключения  между ними договора об обмене жилыми помещениями.

Фраза получилась «корявая», но отражающая суть процесса.

Оный договор об обмене жилыми помещениями составляется в письменной форме и подписывается нанимателями.

Договор об обмене (оригинал) передается нанимателями каждому из наймодателей,   с которыми у них есть договоры социального найма обмениваемых помещений, для получения согласия на обмен.

Это согласие или отказ в письменной форме передаются нанимателю или его представителю в течение десяти рабочих дней.

Сделка ничтожна

Однако договор может быть признан судом недействительным, если такой обмен совершен с нарушениями Жилищного кодекса. Даже, если такой договор состоялся, это не означает, что он не будет расторгнут.

Для примера. Вы совершили обмен, но забыли получить согласие органов опеки. А Ваши жилищные условия, при этом, ухудшились настолько, что Вам понадобилось их улучшение.

При возникновении ситуации, когда договор обмена признан не действителен, стороны данного договора подлежат переселению на ранее занимаемые жилые площади.

А при возникновении ситуации, когда обмен квартир признан недействителен вследствие неправомерных действий одной из сторон, виновник будет вынужден возместить убытки.

К примеру, Вы успели сделать в квартире ремонт, а Вас переселяют в старую квартиру. В данном случае Вы имеете право требовать возмещения убытков.

В любом случае совет один – будьте внимательны, думайте и не стесняйтесь советоваться с юристом.

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