Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Вопросы юристу

Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку

Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку

Здравствуйте,  уважаемые  дамы  и  господа.

В  этой статье  Вы узнаете,  в  каком  случае  можно узаконить  самовольно  возведённую   постройку  и   есть  ли  шанс  избежать  её   сноса.

Начнем по-порядку.

Первый случай – земля  принадлежит  хозяину  такой  постройки  на  праве  бессрочного пользования,  второй – перешёл  по  наследству.  Однако  сегодня  много  случаев,  когда  у гражданина  нет  ни того ни другого – и не  в  бессрочном  пользовании, и  получить  не  от  кого.

В  таком  случае  у  Вас  есть  шанс  избежать  сноса  такой  постройки,  если  Вы  предпримите (или  докажете,  что  раньше  предпринимали)  попытку  оформить  Ваши  землю  и  дом.

Затем  отправляетесь  в  Ваш  отдел   архитектуры  и   градостроительства  ( у  кого  как называется).  Вызываете  специалиста,  который   и установит,  что  Ваша  постройка   не  опасна для  третьих  лиц  ( Ваших соседей ). А главное, что она не  опасна  для   Вас  и   Ваших близких.  Если   «опасна»  - Вы  с  мастером  определите « масштаб   катастроф»  и  начнёте действовать.

Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку 2

Следующий Вариант - если  у   Вас  на   руках   жалобы  соседей  и   представителей    местного   самоуправления: плохо конечно,  но  как  бы не  было  сложно, ещё  можно   спасти   положениесуд   даст  Вам  срок  (время,  за которое  Вы   предпримите   действия   по   ремонту   или    реконструкции  Вашей постройки), по   истечении   которого   Вы предъявите   заключение   Вашего   специалиста,  а  после и комиссии.

Запомните! В течении  данного Вам судом    срока на проверку  и  освидетельствование, последующего  за  этим  ремонта   или   реконструкции  Вами  Вашей постройки,  никто не в праве  на  Вас  воздействовать   и  что-то  вменять (только суд в Вашем случае в соответствии с законом предпринимает те или иные действия)!

Более того - Вы  имеете право обжаловать решения суда, которые, Вы считаете, нарушают Ваши права. Кроме  того  Вашу жалобу  по общим правилам гражданского  процесса  обязаны рассмотреть  в разумный срок, в противном случае, в соответствии с ФЗ № 9 п.3,  Вы можете требовать компенсацию  за процессуальные издержки.

Внимание: суд  перегружен   и  ограничен  во времени – на рассмотрение одного дела не более получаса - поэтому, составленное Вами исковое заявление  несёте в экспедицию суда, где его ещё раз проверит ответственный работник.

Если же обратитесь непосредственно  к судье «на поклон» - он отправит Вас переделывать Ваше исковое заявление из-за малейшей   мелочи,  и  Вы  потеряете целых десять дней. А в экспедиции  суда,  оно,  полностью  проверенное  и  отредактированное,  отправится  к нужному судье.

Эти  рекомендации   пригодятся    Вам  постольку   поскольку   Вы сэкономите  время  на ожидании,  экономя собственные средства.  При ином порядке действий граждане  составляют исковое заявление и жалобы, ходатайства (прошения),  упуская много существенных  мелочей, не правильно  определяют  подсудность (какой суд должен рассматривать это дело).

Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку 3

Идём далее.

Вы  Закончили  с ремонтом или  реконструкцией  Вашей постройки  и   мастер проверяет сколь добросовестно  Вы следовали его указаниям. Далее  выезд  комиссии и проверка объекта.

В зависимости  от  результата  происходит  следующее:

1) комиссия  выдаст  документ  о  соответствии  Вашей   постройки   требованиям  безопасности,  что  даст   Вам   возможность  идти   дальше.

Это значит,  что  Вам нужно согласовать  подходящие к дому коммуникации  и   добиваться  одобрения СЭС (санитарной  эпидемиологической  станции). Так  мы  выясним, не вредит  ли ведение   нашего   хозяйства   окружающей   среде.  В общем,  приводим  всё  в соответствии  с  правилами  землепользования   и   градостроительства.

2)  Если комиссию что-то  не устроило, соображаем дальше -  Вы  же не можете остановиться на полпути?

Поэтому   я  бы  хотела обратить Ваше внимание на то, что  были  такие случаи, когда  требовалась  не реконструкция  и  ремонт, а достроить объект  до отмеченной  специалистом  зоны - это раз.

Два – мастер,   возможно,   поставит   Вам  на  вид, что  придётся   разобрать  или  снести  такие  постройки,  которые  не соответствуют   нормам   пожарной  безопасности.

Когда Вы пригласили   специалиста, чтобы  попытаться  согласовать   Вашу  постройку, он  вынесет решения  по Вашему случаю «со всех сторон», что даст Вам шанс на то, что за Вами всё же признают права собственности  на эту постройку.

Конечно,  Вам  будет жалко  лишиться хоть какой-то части своего труда. Но пусть Вы  лишитесь, скажем, пристройки, зато Вы попытаетесь  сохранить Ваш дом.

Если ничего не делать, то и останетесь подвешенном состоянии. То есть, жить то Вы и дальше будите, но ни подарить, ни сдать, ни продать не сможете.

Вам  всё   равно   необходимо  привести  Вашу постройку в соответствие существующим законам, так как это даст Вам право  далее полноправно распоряжаться этим Вашим  имуществом.

Вывод один - надо бороться.

Что  если   у   Вас  утеряны (испорчены, вообще нет) первичные  документы   на  используемую Вами землю?

Тогда, если   дойдёт  до   разбирательства,  суд   вызовет   работника   администрации,   который   подтвердит,   что   Вы  оформляли   или   начинали   оформлять    используемую   Вами  землю. Либо наоборот:  не   начинали, или   только частично  оформили.

Помните главное: суд не обвинит Вас на основании всего сказанного, и не вправе это сделать, пока  не приведены и проверены   все   доказательства.

Знайте на будущее - доказательства   обязаны   предоставить   суду  обе  стороны.

Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку 4

Наконец, даже если все материалы собраны, суду потребуется значительное время для их оценки и проверки ( экспертиз).

Более того -  проверки  сделаны, доказательства взвешены, но суд обязательно испросит Вас о Вашей позиции.

Важно! Обязательно высказывайте свое мнение,  если   не  согласны  с  тем или иным участников разбирательства. Если   нужно - переспрашивайте.

У нас нет прецедентного права ( как  в США), т. е.  шаблона, под который подстраивают ту или иную ситуацию. У нас правоприменительная практика - так что  обязательно  показывайте объявления в газете,  по которому  Вы искали  соседей или свидетелей, которые подтвердят, что предприятие Вам  и  им выдавало земельные участки без  подтверждения этого документом.

Ещё  один момент – как я уже Вам рассказала - у  нас нет  шаблона, с помощью которого судья отнёс бы Ваш случай  к тому, который был тогда-то. У нас есть такое понятие, как судебное усмотрение.

Это когда суд выносит решение по Вашему делу,  будет учитывать  всевозможные тонкости, нюансы,  применять все методы, которые только можно, чтобы как можно более точно выяснить то, или иное обстоятельство.

Что я хочу до Вас донести вышеизложенным: суд обычно «идёт  на  встречу» простым гражданам. Если Вы добросовестны и исполнительны, то  суд  учтёт Ваши благие намерения.

Я   обращаю  Ваше    внимание   на   такой    документ,  как  информационное   письмо  Президиума   Верховного  Суда   РФ   № 10 п. 22, 26.  В нем   говорится   о   том, что   суды  общей юрисдикции    могут   выносить   положительные    решения   о   признании    права    граждан  на самовольно   возведённые   постройки,  если  они (хозяева  самовольно   возведённой  постройки)  пытались  и оформляли, или   предпринимали попытки  узаконить  такую постройку  и землю.

Можно ли узаконить самовольно возведенную постройку 5

Мы  с   Вами  говорили  о том, возможно   ли    узаконить   самовольно  возведённую   постройку  и  нюансах,    которые   возникают  в   том    или    ином   случае.  Из   описанного  выше  Вы поняли,   что  главное   в   такой   ситуации    стараться   действовать  - искать  или восстанавливать    первичные    документы,   обращаться   к   специалистам,  предпринимать активные   действия   по   сбору доказательств,   которые   помогут   добиться  признания  права собственности на  такую постройку.

Безвыходных ситуаций  не бывает, так что обязательно возьмитесь  за решение этой проблемы.

Желаю   Вам  всех  благ.  В   последующих    материалах  Вы  узнаете,   как применять   те  или иные   законы,   о  существенных   деталях  гражданского   процесса,   которые   необходимы  Вам для   успешного    решения   Ваших   проблем.

автор:         Наталья Громова

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