Можно ли отменить дарственную на квартиру?

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Вопросы юристу

Дарственная на квартиру 1

Можно ли отменить дарственную на квартиру?

Судебная практика наследственного права нередко сталкивается с такими вопросами, как: «можно ли оспорить, аннулировать, отозвать дарственную или договор дарения на квартиру, насколько сложно это сделать и на каких основаниях», «какие права имеет каждая из сторон сделки и сколько может быть сторон». 

Что представляет собой дарственная на квартиру?

В первую очередь обеим сторонам стоит четко определиться, о каком из двух типов дарственной идет спор. Первый тип предполагает безвозмездную передачу квартиры ее владельцем одаряемому лицуПри втором же типе речь идет всего лишь об обязательстве в обозримом будущем передать искомое имущество.

Если при заключении договора фактическая передача квартиры в собственность еще не состоялась, обе стороны имеют право обратиться в суд для его расторжения или же исполнения.

Дарственная на квартиру 2

Основания для аннулирования дарственной

Отказ/отзыв дарственного обещания и отмена дарения являются равнозначными понятиями как с юридической стороны, так и с фактической. Подать исковое заявление в суд с целью оспорить условия договора и решить судьбу недвижимости могут как даритель, так и одариваемое лицо.

Законодательно большая безопасность при расторжении договора дарения обеспечивается именно дарителю, противоположной же стороне придется запастись фактами и доказательствами при обращении в суд за возвратом обещанного имущества.

Основания для отмены дарственной

На основании статьи 578 Гражданского Кодекса РФ даритель имеет право аннулировать обещание дарения квартиры в случае, если это может усугубить его материальное положение.

Подобная ситуация может быть вызвана:

потерей работы или существенным снижением заработка;
ухудшением состояния здоровья, инвалидностью;
появлением у дарителя иждивенца, требующего дополнительных расходов.

Эти причины являются форс-мажорными и трудно прогнозируемыми, но в законодательстве существует ряд более грубых нарушений, служащих поводом для отмены договора дарения.

Законными основаниями для отмены дарственной являются:

злонамеренное причинение вреда здоровью владельцу квартиры, покушение на жизнь как самого дарителя, так и кого-то из членов его семьи;

неподобающее обращение с подаренной недвижимостью, нанесение ему серьезного урона;

смерть лица, получающего квартиру раньше дарителя (наследники покойного не имеют прав на предмет договора);

незаконные махинации, скрывающие под дарственной обычный договор купли-продажи;

заключение договора под давлением или угрозой жизни дарителю и членам его семьи;

обстоятельства, при которых одной из сторон сделки является недееспособное или несовершеннолетнее лицо.

Дарственная на квартиру 3

Обоснованный отказ дарителя от исполнения обязательств по договору лишает другую сторону права требовать какого-либо возмещения убытков.

Также следует помнить, что права на полученную квартиру не переходят к наследникам нового владельца. А вот обязанности лица, обещавшего передать в дар недвижимость, ложатся на его правопреемников, если иные условия не были прописаны в договоре.

Более того, обойденные договором дарения третьи лицазаконные наследники, супруги, близкие родственники дарителя, могут в судебном порядке оспорить условия договора, потребовав восстановления собственных прав на недвижимость.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

Видео на тему:

Дарственная, дарение недвижимости

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