Когда и для чего нужна оценка недвижимости. Ч.2

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Азбука недвижимости

Оценка недвижимости 1

Когда и для чего нужна оценка недвижимости. Ч.2

Здравствуйте!

Сегодня мы продолжим с Вами рассмотрение вопроса оценки недвижимости. И начнем мы с очень интересной темы, – а именно:

Когда необходима официальная оценка недвижимости

Так как профессиональная официальная оценка недвижимости дает возможность наиболее корректно совершать  сделки купли – продажи, то и проведение такой процедуры в большинстве случаев обязательно.

Если рассматривать рынок жилья, то привлечение оценщика чаще всего требуется для  получения в банке кредита под залог недвижимости, либо ипотечного кредита. Профессиональное определение стоимости предмета залога выступает обязательным условием буквально всех банков.

Независимая официальная оценка жилой недвижимости требуется также и в случае разрешения имущественных споров, возникших между собственниками квартиры или дома.

Наглядным примером таких случаев может выступить  раздел имущества между наследниками. В случае, когда новые собственники захотят поделить завещанную им жилплощадь без ее продажи (предположим, что один из наследников собирается в квартире проживать, а другой хотел бы получить денежную компенсацию), то без привлечения оценщика просто не обойтись.

Как утверждают специалисты рынка недвижимости, любой процесс дележа имущества, связан с определением стоимости этого имущества и ее документальным подтверждением.

Еще одним поводом для обращения к независимым оценщикам является  составление брачного договора и страхование жилой недвижимости.

По всей вероятности, в ближайшее время, список обстоятельств, требующих независимой профессиональной оценки недвижимости, существенно увеличится.

Как только изменится российское налоговое законодательство, и налоги перейдут из статуса нормативных в рыночные, владельцы недвижимости станут обращаться к независимым оценщикам намного чаще, так как отчет о стоимости жилого имущества будет выступать для инспекции ФНС самым весомым аргументом для  начисления суммы налога.

Профессиональный подход в оценке недвижимости

Профессиональный подход в оценке недвижимости

Самый важный  принцип, которому следуют в своей профессиональной деятельности  независимые оценщики — доказательность. В официальном отчете, где установлена итоговая стоимость исследуемого объекта, окончательная сумма должна быть обоснована. Все выводы независимого эксперта о стоимости недвижимого имущества должны быть доказательно подтверждены.

Для решения этой задачи профессиональные оценщики недвижимости пользуются  специальными методами. Среди всего многообразия таковых  выделяют три основополагающих: сравнительный, затратный и доходный.

В Москве, а также других крупных городах, где рынок жилой недвижимости активен, при установлении цены квартиры в первую очередь применяют сравнительный метод, при котором цена жилья корректируется в сравнении с аналогами.

В тех же городах, где купля-продажа квартиры — не частое явление, могут применяться другие методы. Например, затратный.

В данном случае специалист-оценщик обязан установить, в какую сумму в настоящее время встанет строительство или восстановление из современных строительных материалов объекта, аналогичного обследуемому. Эта сумма и установит цену данной недвижимости.

Эксперт-оценщик может определить стоимость имущества, использовав,  так называемый доходный метод, при котором он анализирует вероятность извлечения дохода от  использования исследуемого жилья.

В том случае, когда он оценивает квартиру, обязательно необходимо учитывать потенциальную прибыль от сдачи жилья в аренду.

Обычно специалист-оценщик использует все рассмотренные выше методы. При отказе от использования одного из них, он должен аргументировано обосновать это решение.

Результатом официальной оценки является отчет о рыночной стоимости городского или загородного объекта.

Сроки проведения оценки и возможные цены

Сроки проведения оценки и возможные цены

Обращаясь к профессиональным оценщикам, заказчик должен понимать, что,  в компаниях, имеющих лицензию на проведение оценочной деятельности, установлены тарифы по работе с  различными объектами.

Стоимость выполнения работ в каждом конкретном случае обусловливается договором. Стандартным сроком официальной оценки типовой квартиры (для примера) в Москве — будут два-три дня.

Услуги эксперта, в зависимости от региона России,  будут розниться. Точную стоимость оценки необходимо уточнять перед заключением договора.

По желанию клиента профессиональный оценщик может определить стоимость жилья и за один день.  Однако, надо понимать, что  при этом стоимость работ возрастет примерно в полтора раза.

Особым сегментом на рынке недвижимости являются загородные дома и коттеджи. Эти объекты, как правило, состоят из нескольких строений, поэтому процедура оценки займет от трех до семи дней.

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