Как приватизировать квартиру

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Азбука недвижимости

Как приватизировать квартиру

Как приватизировать квартиру 

Здравствуйте!

Темой нашей сегодняшней беседы будет приватизация жилья. Этой теме было посвящено множество статей во всевозможных изданиях, но, как показывает практика, вопросы как приватизировать квартиру  и нужна ли приватизация жилья в принципе, остаются актуальными и по сей день.

Более того, все чаще раздаются вопросы, связанные с расприватизацией.

Попробуем разобраться.

Первичная сделка на рынке, результатом которой является переход собственности на жилье частному лицу, называется приватизацией. В России процесс активной приватизация жилья начался в 1991 году.

Приватизации подлежат исключительно государственные и муниципальные жилые объекты, то есть те объекты, что принадлежат Российской Федерации, а так же ее субъектам и различным муниципальным образованиям.

Причем, обращаю Ваше внимание на тот момент, что приватизировать допускается, только тот жилой объект, в котором Вы проживаете и на который заключен договор социального найма, подтверждающий факт передачи  вам жилья бессрочно.

На сегодняшний день, по инициативе Президента, срок бесплатной приватизации был продлен до 1 марта 2015 года.

Зачем приватизировать квартиру 

Понять все плюсы, которые Вам даст статус собственника, не так просто. И, тем не менее, свидетельство о праве собственности обладает явными преимуществами перед пресловутым договором социального найма.

По действующему законодательству, до тех пор, пока жилье не будет приватизировано, все жильцы, прописанные в нем, включая  и ответственного квартиросъемщика, не обладают правом собственности на данную недвижимость.

Исключительно после того, как жилье будет  приватизировано,  а право собственности законным образом зарегистрировано – ответственный квартиросъемщик и его домочадцы официально становятся владельцами занимаемой квартиры.  И, следовательно, получают возможность свободно распоряжаться этим жильем по своему усмотрению. Собственно для этого и необходимо приватизировать квартиру.

Еще раз проговорим те важные моменты, которые наступают после зарегистрированного факта приватизации жилья:

  • приватизированное жилье можно передавать по наследству;
  • никто не может выселить собственника из принадлежащей ему квартиры, не предоставив ему аналогичное жилье или не оплатив ее полную стоимость;
  • владелец имеет право вписывать или выписывать из принадлежащей ему квартиры любого человека;
  • статус собственника дает возможность проводить перепланировку квартиры по своему усмотрению;
  • приватизированное жилье может быть использовано в качестве залога для оформления ипотечного кредита;
  • в случае проведения приватизации одним из супругов еще  до вступления в законный брак, квартира остается в его собственности и после развода.

Важно помнить, что приватизировать жилье можно только один раз. Однако, собственник имеет право деприватизировать квартиру, то есть вернуть ее назад государству, снова подписав договор социального найма.

Причем нужно понимать, что приватизировать можно как  квартиры, так и отдельные комнаты в коммуналках.

Как приватизировать квартиру 1

Как приватизировать квартиру? 

Существует два основных вида:  в общую долевую собственность, либо в собственность кого-то одного из совместно проживающих людей.

В первом случае квартира переходит  в собственность всех или отдельных граждан, в ней проживающих.

Во втором случае, соответственно, собственником будет только один человек. Причем им может быть и ребенок, не достигший 18 лет.

Если вы покупаете в собственность отдельную комнату в коммунальной квартире, то вам переходит определенная доля от общей.

Расчет происходит в зависимости от размера занимаемой вами площади к общему размеру жилой площади квартиры. При этом доля общей собственности на кухню, туалет, ванную и т.д., рассчитывается по тем же правилам.

Способы приватизации 

На сегодняшний день существует два основных метода приватизации квартиры.

Первый метод - это обращение к специалистам, владеющим  всеми необходимыми вопросами, связанными с  приватизацией и хорошо знающих эту работу. Прежде всего, он подойдет тем, у кого немного свободного времени,  но  кто готов заплатить определенную сумму.

Второй способ — самостоятельная приватизация.

Перед тем, как приватизировать жилье самостоятельно, вы должны написать заявление в местное БТИ, которое  предоставит вам список  необходимых документов. Приступать же к сбору этих документов имеет смысл только после того, как будет получено согласие на приватизацию всех граждан, прописанных в  квартире.

Минусы приватизации 

Во-первых, собственник обязан ежегодно оплачивать налог на недвижимое имущество;

Во-вторых, при  отсутствии завещания, все законные наследники имеют право претендовать на приватизированную квартиру;

В-третьих, собственник обязан принимать участие в содержании и ремонте дома, в котором находится его квартира. А отсюда - увеличение квартплаты.

В-четвертых, не рекомендуется  приватизация квартиры при аварийном состоянии дома и многочисленной  семье. А объясняется все очень просто -  при расселении аварийного жилья собственник получает квартиру аналогичной площади, а квартиросъемщики — по 18 квадратных метров на каждого из зарегистрированных жителей квартиры.

Жилье, не подлежащее приватизации 

К таковому относятся: помещения в общежитиях, различные помещения в домах закрытого типа, жилье в аварийном состоянии и служебные помещения.

Причем обращаем ваше  внимание на то, что жилье, подлежащее модернизации или реконструкции, а так же  сносу, допускается к  приватизации.

На сегодня это все.

У$пехов Вам!

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