Как правильно: аренда или найм?

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Аренда жилья

Как правильно: аренда или найм?

Представьте ситуацию: Вы являетесь владельцем двух квартир, но пользуетесь вместе со своей семьей только одной. Разумеется, вторая квартира Вам тоже необходима, но не  сейчас.

Вследствие этого Вы решаете вторую квартиру сдать в аренду. Так что же нужно учитывать для  правильного составления договора об арендных отношениях?

Договором аренды является  гражданско-правовой договор, согласно которому арендодатель (наймодатель) передает за плату арендатору (нанимателю) жилое помещение во временное владение и пользование, либо только во временное пользование.

Арендатор (наниматель) же, соответственно, должен вносить за это арендную плату.

До вступления в законную силу 2 части Гражданского кодекса РФ данный договор  распространялся на отношения, касающиеся возмездного владения и пользования жилой недвижимостью как физическими, так и юридическими лицами.

В настоящий  момент в законодательство внесены изменения классификации договорных отношений. Основным критерием  разграничения договоров найма и аренды в сфере жилой недвижимости теперь выступает субъект - пользователь квартиры.

Введен чёткий принцип разделения договоров: если пользователем является физическое  лицо, то это договор найма, если юридическое, то договор аренды.

Срок владения и пользования нанимателем, жилой недвижимостью, всегда был немаловажным условием договора аренды. Гражданский кодекс говорит о том, что договор аренды заключается на срок, установленный в договоре. При этом не возбраняется заключение договора и без срока аренды жилого помещения.

В данном случае договор аренды будет заключён на неопределённый срок. Юридические последствия заключения договора без указания срока аренды состоят в том, что каждая из сторон такого договора имеет право отказаться от него в любой момент в одностороннем порядке.

Необходимым условием в данном случае является  предупреждение об этом другой стороны минимум за один месяц, а при аренде жилья - за три месяца.

ГК оставил за арендатором, должным образом выполнявшим свои обязательства, преимущественное право на продление  договора аренды.

При всем том, он  может воспользоваться этим правом лишь при условии письменного уведомления арендодателя  о своем желании оформить новый договор еще до истечения срока действия прежнего договора.

Это  письменное уведомление может играть решающее значение в случаях отказа арендодателя  в заключении договора на новый срок, хотя сам при этом сдает помещение иному лицу.

В данной ситуации арендатор имеет право потребовать в суде перехода прав и обязанностей по заключённому договору аренды на себя.

А помимо этого - компенсации убытков, причинённых ему отказом собственника в заключении договора на новый срок.

Если же к этому времени арендатор потерял интерес к продолжению арендных отношений, он вправе потребовать, лишь возмещения убытков.

Если по завершении срока договора аренды арендатор продолжает пользоваться недвижимостью, а собственник не возражает против этого, то этот договор будет числиться возобновленным на старых условиях на неопределённый срок.

Таким образом, каждая  сторона имеет право потребовать расторжения договора аренды, предупредив противную сторону не менее чем за 3 месяца.

Договор аренды жилой недвижимости оформляется в простой письменной форме  (в отличие от договора найма)  и должен быть обязательно зарегистрирован органами госрегистрации. Исключением могут быть только договоры, заключаемые менее чем на 1 год.

По договору аренды жилой недвижимости арендодатель предоставляет арендатору, который является юридическим лицом, объект жилой недвижимости за плату во временное владение и пользование. Арендатор же не вправе применять жилое помещение для складских, промышленных и сходных целей.

Договор аренды жилой недвижимости обязан включать в себя размер арендной платы. При отсутствии такого пункта договора - он считается незаключенным. Закон РФ  «Об основах федеральной жилищной политики» обязывает также указания в договоре размера оплаты коммунальных услуг.

Видео на тему:

Аренда жилья: составляем договор

 

 

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73 комментариев к записи “Как правильно: аренда или найм?”

  1. Vadar сказал:

    А я вот ничего не понимаю в данном вопросе. И, поэтому, у меня перед предыдущими ораторами громадный плюс, — я получил очень нужную и полезную информацию. Спасибо

  2. Элина сказал:

    у меня в жизни пока не было практики съема или аренды, но мало ли, вдруг пригодится, весьма полезно, тонкости, кругом тонкости

  3. Наталья Мартынова сказал:

    «Договор аренды жилой недвижимости оформляется в простой письменной форме и должен быть обязательно зарегистрирован органами госрегистрации. Исключением могут быть только договоры, заключаемые менее чем на 1 год.»

    Так вот почему договор аренды заключается обычно на 11 месяцев! Чтобы его не надо было регистрировать.
    А то многие думают, что при этом не надо будет перед налоговой отчитываться.

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    Привет! При прекращении договора аренды арендатор обязан вернуть арендодателю имущество в том состоянии, в котором он его получил, с учётом нормального износа или в состоянии, обусловленном договором.

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