Как отменить договор купли-продажи, если он уже подписан

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Азбука недвижимости

 

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Как отменить договор купли-продажи, если он уже подписан

У некоторых людей в процессе покупки-продажи недвижимости возникает вопрос: «Как отменить уже заключенный договор купли-продажи?».

Обычно отменить договор может потребоваться, если продавец не в состоянии выписаться из квартиры, по разным причинам. Ответ на данный вопрос уже дан в Гражданском кодексе российской федерации. В нем указано, что если договор уже заключен, отменить его нельзя.

Но не все так плохо, по тому же кодексу мы можем прекратить действие договора. Для этого есть два варианта:

- Признать договор недействительным

- Расторгнуть договор

Для расторжения договора необходимым условием является согласие всех сторон договора. После расторжения сделка «откатывается» - недвижимость покупатель отдает обратно, а продавец возмещает цену квартиры и расходы на заключение сделки.

То есть расходы на регистрацию и подобное придется вернуть. В случае отсутствия согласия сторон, остается вариант - признать договор недействительным. Постановление о недействительности договора может вынести только суд и только в случаях, о которых пойдет разговор далее.

К таким нарушения мы можем отнести следующее:

1) Покупатель не выполняет свои обязательства, связанные с условиями оплаты, не совершил необходимые денежные расчеты. Но если покупатель отказывается, или не в состоянии совершить оплату в оговоренные сроки – это причина для последующего расторжения договора. Но, такой договор можно расторгнуть, только, если он успел попасть в российский реестр права.

2) Продавец не выполнил в установленные сроки все процедуры снятия с регистрационного учета и освобождения недвижимости.

3) Другие пункты договора, не выполненные с той, либо другой стороны, существенно ограничивающие право владельца на пользование недвижимостью. Например, если продавцом были не озвучены все зарегистрированные лица в данной недвижимости.

То есть после продаже, могут появиться люди, которые также претендуют на владение недвижимостью. О таких правах покупатель не знает, только если продавец скрыл от него эту информацию. Это будет основанием для последующего расторжения договора.

kak-otmenit-dogovor-kupli-prodazhi-esli-on-uzhe-podpisan-2

Давайте теперь подробнее рассмотрим варианты, как можно признать действующий договор недействительным или не имеющим юридической силы:

1) Владелец не в курсе продажи недвижимости и совершенной сделке. Это мошенническая схема с подделкой документов, либо доверенности.

Между прочим, такие схемы достаточно распространены. Защититься от них можно, только тщательнейшим изучением всех документов по сделке. Особое внимательно обращайте внимание на доверенности, тут нужно быть особенно осторожным.

2) Гражданин, совершавший сделку, признан ограниченно дееспособным. Условием здесь будет предоставление медицинских документов, которые дадут основание полагать, что лицо в тот момент было недееспособным. Амнезия, контузия, шизофрения и.т.д.

3) Договор был заключен лицом, находящимся в состоянии алкогольного или наркотического опьянения.

4) Договор по доверенности может быть признан недействительным, если заключен после смерти владельца недвижимости. Либо в случае отмены доверенности на момент сделки.

5) Договор с Юридическими лицами, у которых учредительные документы оформлены неверно. Либо сделка совершалась неуполномоченными лицами, либо без согласия учредителей.

Вы можете сделать следующий вывод из этой статьи – покупая недвижимость, следует очень внимательно проверять все документы и обстоятельства сделки.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

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