Аренда квартиры. Права и обязанности квартиросъемщика

Автор: admin  //  Рубрики: Аренда жилья

Права и обязанности квартиросъемщика

Аренда квартиры. Права и обязанности квартиросъемщика

По мнению многих собственников жилья все права и обязанности арендатора регламентируются исключительно договором найма, и в случае возникновения спорной ситуации, выходящей за рамки договора, владелец квартиры вправе принимать любое решение. Тем не менее, подобное представление является ошибочным, и кроме договора найма, требования собственника в первую очередь не должны противоречить Жилищному кодексу Российской Федерации. Итак, что же можно, а что нельзя квартиросъемщику? 

Можно ли пользоваться имуществом, находящимся в квартире?

По закону арендатору жилья разрешается пользоваться всем имуществом, находящимся в данный момент в квартире. То есть хозяин не может наложить «вето» на пользование телевизором, балконом, газовой колонкой и пр. Но на практике, люди, арендующие жилье, сплошь и рядом сталкиваются с подобными запретами.

Конечно, в данном случае можно ссылаться на закон и защищать свои права, но специалисты по аренде недвижимости советуют просто поискать более сговорчивых хозяев квартиры. А чтобы избежать неприятных разбирательств, связанных с любой возможной порчей имущества, в интересах и собственника, и арендатора перед заселением составить подробную опись всего ценного имущества с указанием технического состояния.

Кто имеет право проживать вместе с арендатором?

Права и обязанности квартиросъемщика 2

Кроме лица, подписавшего договор найма, на арендуемой жилплощади имеют право проживать супруг или супруга квартиросъемщика, а также его несовершеннолетние дети.

Все другие родственники, знакомые и сослуживцы находиться на данной жилплощади могут только с согласия владельца, причем срок пребывания и количество приглашенных не имеют значения. Нарушение этого требования считается поводом для расторжения договора с последующим выселением жильцов.

Может ли арендатор сдать квартиру или ее часть в субаренду?

Законодательством оговаривается только целевое использование жилплощади, то есть без согласия собственника сдавать ее другому лицу, использовать как офис или предприятие - абсолютно недопустимо,  а, следовательно, любое самовольное изменение назначения жилплощади влечет за собой расторжение договора и немедленное выселение.

Что должен оплачивать квартиросъемщик?

Права и обязанности квартиросъемщика 3

Все платежи, о которых договорились стороны, включая арендную плату, должны быть отражены в договоре с указанием сумм, сроков, а также штрафных санкций, предусмотренных собственником за просрочку.

Как упоминалось ранее, владелец имеет право потребовать оплату за испорченное имущество, находящееся в квартире, но только то, что указанно в описи. Очень часто стороны не могут прийти к решению, кто должен оплачивать любые ремонтные работы. Чтобы избежать недоразумений, этот момент нужно четко оговорить в договоре, естественно после детального обсуждения сторонами всех нюансов.

Порядок и сроки освобождения жилья

После завершения действия договора арендатор должен покинуть жилплощадь, если обе стороны не приняли решения о сроках продления найма. Всей процедуре, связанной с выселением, в договоре следует уделить особое внимание и прописать ее очень подробно.

Важным моментом являются сроки, в которые владелец жилья должен уведомить арендатора о расторжении договора, даже если это связано с завершением его действия. Оговорить следует и досрочное расторжение, обычной практикой в этом случае является уведомление за два месяца, и, учитывая, что в законе точные сроки не приводятся, отнестись к данному пункту нужно не менее внимательно, чем посвященному условиям оплаты.

С уважением, Андрей Ляпустин

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